Most popular new regulations on imported food pack

2022-07-23
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China has introduced new regulations on imported food packaging editor's note: the safety and health of food packaging has been paid more and more attention. From January to October 2005, the European Union notified China of 54 cases of the safety and hygiene of food packaging and contact materials, and the use of reinforced structural plates under dry conditions. On july1,2005, Madeline, director general of the General Department of health and consumer protection of the European Commission, wrote a letter to China's ambassador to the European Union on the safety and health of China's food contact materials exported to the European Union, proposing that if China did not take effective measures before the end of July, it would take further measures against such products in China. Food packaging and contact materials have become a new field for developed countries to set up technical barriers

in recent years, the European Union, the United States, Japan and other countries have formulated detailed regulations on packaging and packaging materials that directly contact with food. For example, the federal regulations of the United States, which FDA has followed for a long time, specify the requirements for various packaging materials directly or indirectly in contact with food and the substances used therein. The new draft "super directive on substances in contact with food" drafted by the EU in 2004 further integrates all the old regulations related to substances in contact with food in the past, making it the most important and influential new regulation on food packaging materials in the EU

since August 1st, 2006, according to the regulations on the administration of inspection and supervision of imported and exported food packaging containers and packaging materials issued by the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, all packaging used for imported and exported food must undergo strict quarantine. According to the person in charge of relevant departments, the safety and health inspection and Quarantine of imported food packaging will be inspected and supervised by the inspection and quarantine institution of the destination declared by the consignee when applying for inspection. Only after passing the inspection can it be used for packaging and containing food. Enterprises exporting food packaging production raw materials (including additives) and products must comply with the mandatory requirements of the corresponding safety and health technical regulations, and shall not use non-conforming safety and health requirements or toxic and harmful materials to produce packaging products in direct contact with food. An enterprise producing export food packaging shall apply to the entry-exit inspection and quarantine authority for filing. For enterprises that have passed the record, the entry-exit inspection and quarantine institutions will regularly conduct sampling inspection on the food packaging of their products; For enterprises that fail to pass the record, the food packaging produced by them must pass the inspection for each batch before they can be used for packaging export food

According to wangyuande, manager of the science and Technology Department of China Export Commodity Packaging Research Institute, due to the relatively high import threshold abroad, the inspection of food packaging and the inspection of contents in many countries are of equal importance. From a technical point of view, China mainly imports packaging technology and equipment from developed countries to process and package food and agricultural products, which is also convenient for products to enter developed countries; At the same time, it is quite difficult to use our own packaging machinery and equipment for packaging and export, and it is also difficult to export food produced by domestic food processing machinery and equipment. At present, the food and agricultural product production lines introduced by China's advanced food enterprises generally carry out deep processing of food and agricultural products in the first half and aseptic packaging in the second half. The domestic aseptic packaging technology is difficult to meet the export requirements

fresh fruits, vegetables, meat, etc. are all bulk products of China's export products. However, due to the backward packaging and product preservation technology in China at present, and these export products have basically not undergone primary processing, most of their export transportation packaging uses traditional cartons, and there are no widely used transportation boxes and turnover boxes that are beneficial to high-density polyethylene with good air permeability, which not only leads to incomplete loading during transportation, Failing to reach the rated load and volume, which greatly increases the transportation cost; And the rate of decay and wastage during transportation is also quite amazing. According to the data of the Ministry of Commerce, 20% of China's total annual output of fruits and vegetables is lost during transportation and storage, with a loss rate of 70billion US dollars

the new regulations have been issued, and all localities have actively responded to the unstable output voltage of amplifiers

Taking Guangdong as an example, there are currently more than 300 export food packaging production enterprises within the jurisdiction of Guangdong Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, covering nearly 30 kinds of products, such as boxes, baskets, cans, boxes, bottles, bowls, cellophane, etc. the production and packaging materials include plastic, wood, aluminum film, paper, PVC, OPP, EPS, pet, etc. As the food packaging production enterprises have very strict requirements on the hygiene of the production environment, some small and medium-sized enterprises in Guangdong often can not fully meet the standards, and there are certain safety and health risks. According to the relevant person in charge of the inspection and Quarantine Bureau of Guangdong Province, the implementation of the new regulations has ensured the safety and quality of exported food from three aspects. First, the quality of food packaging, especially the safety and health requirements, has been guaranteed; Second, the record management has enhanced the traceability and operability of the source management of food packaging and packaging materials; Third, the inspection and quarantine is carried out in accordance with the requirements of international standards, which puts forward higher requirements for the purchase of production raw materials, production process control and product quality inspection of relevant enterprises

Shenzhen Inspection and Quarantine Bureau reminds export food manufacturers that they should use food packaging and materials that have passed the inspection of the inspection and quarantine institutions when producing export food, so as to avoid unnecessary economic losses due to the export of products whose packaging does not meet the relevant provisions. At the same time, the Bureau reminded the import and export food production enterprises that they should submit the application form for entry-exit food packaging and materials registration, the entry-exit food packaging and materials inspection and quarantine result sheet, imported food containers, components of packaging materials, auxiliary description materials, food containers The production process description materials of the packaging materials, the filing and registration, and the self-discipline statement of the applicant that the hazardous and toxic substances in its products comply with the health standards and health requirements of the people's Republic of China

the inspection and Quarantine Department of Hainan Province also reminded the local food packaging production enterprises that: first, the raw materials (including additives) and products used in production should meet the mandatory requirements of the corresponding safety and health technical regulations; Second, it is not allowed to use packages that do not meet the safety and health requirements or that are directly in contact with food in the processing and production of toxic and harmful materials; Third, the raw and auxiliary materials used for processing export packaging for the first time, including printing oil and additives, shall pass the test and be filed with the inspection and quarantine authority; 4. Before providing export food packaging and materials to export food production enterprises, the production enterprises of food packaging and materials shall apply to the inspection and quarantine authorities for the inspection and Quarantine of the export food packaging. Food packaging without inspection and quarantine or unqualified shall not be used for packaging and containing export food

ensure the safety and health of imported and exported food, and effectively deal with foreign technical barriers

developed countries such as the United States and Japan have long paid attention to the safe use of food packaging, and relevant laws and regulations are relatively perfect. For example, the federal food, drug and Cosmetic Act (CFR) of the United States and its amendments, the European Union's food packaging migration series standard (eull86), and so on. In contrast, there is still a big gap between China and developed countries in terms of the breadth and depth of the work done in the food packaging standard system

although China has many food packaging standards, most of the project settings are relatively simple. There are no detailed provisions on the safety control of food packaging, especially the control of food pollution by additives used in food packaging materials. There are only more than 40 kinds of additives for plastic products, while there are thousands in the United States. In addition, China's food packaging regulations are mostly formulated according to the type of food packaging raw materials, such as the hygienic standard for polyethylene molded products for food packaging, the hygienic standard for polypropylene molded products for food packaging, and the hygienic standard for PVC molded products for food packaging. Although these standards have certain control over the food packaging quality of a certain material, they have no binding force on new materials and products, which leads to the passive situation that the standards always lag behind the products

while controlling the total migration of food packaging, developed countries also strictly control each specific plastic monomer and additive. For example, chapter 175 to chapter 179 of the federal food, drug and Cosmetic Act (CFR) of the United States and the 90/128/EEC and its revised regulations of the European Union have detailed provisions on various additives. There are so many monomers and additives, some of which can be tested, some of which are still unable to be tested due to technical reasons, or although they can be tested, they can not meet their sensitivity requirements, which leads to such a phenomenon: many packaging materials that are tested to be qualified in China have become substandard products once they arrive abroad and have been returned. Recently, the EU has issued several yellow warnings on food packaging to China, many of which are for this reason

with the increasing international trade, the export of food packaging is also increasing. A very practical problem is that if you want to export, you must meet the requirements of the other side and meet the standards of the other side. Therefore, in order to ensure the safety and quality of food packaging more effectively, speed up the construction of China's food packaging standard system and improve the detection and analysis ability of packaging materials, both from the perspective of international integration and from the standpoint of ensuring the food safety of the common people

the implementation of the new regulations will further improve the quality of food packaging and ensure the safety and hygiene of food; Filing management has enhanced the traceability and operability of the source management of food packaging and packaging materials; The implementation of inspection and quarantine in accordance with the requirements of international standards puts forward higher requirements for the purchase of production raw materials, production process control and product quality inspection of relevant enterprises, which is also beneficial to the improvement of the overall level of China's imported and exported food

source: China Food Industry

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